What Will Change In Jammu & Kashmir After Abolishment Of Article 370?
The Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha have passed the J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019 and now, the onus is on the president to follow the suit. And if everything goes as per BJP Government’s plan, then Article 370 will become history in the constitution of India. Today, we have aggregated the major changes in Jammu & Kashmir after the revocation of Article 370.
After the abolishment of Article 370, Jammu & Kashmir will become like any other state of India. The Kashmiris will be able to reap the benefits availed by the other citizens of India. But this will also disband them from using the benefits of Article 370.
Here is a glimpse of changes in Jammu & Kashmir after the abrogation of Article 370:
- Before Abolishment Of 370: The citizens of Kashmir used to have dual citizenship i.e., one for Kashmir and another for India.
- After Abolishment Of 370: There will be only one citizenship i.e., of India. The Indian Constitution does not allow dual citizenship or simultaneously holding two passports of different countries.
- Before Abolishment Of 370: J&K was the only state which enjoyed special provisions in the Indian Constitution which were not applicable to other states of India.
- After Abolishment Of 370: After the abrogation of Article 370, there will be no separate state laws for J&K and its citizens.
3. Freedom To Women
- Before Abolishment Of 370: Women cannot buy real estate and transfer it to their children if they are married to non-resident.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Women can buy real estate in state and transfer it to their children even if they marry a non-resident.
4. Flag Status
- Before Abolishment Of 370: The flag was adopted by the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference which was later passed as a resolution by the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir in 1952. In the middle, a white plough further symbolizes the peasants. Next, to the staff, three vertical white stripes represent the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. It should be noted that the national flag has to be hosted along with it.
- After Abolishment Of 370: There will be no separate flags and only Indian National Flag will prevail.
- Before Abolishment Of 370: Only the state laws are applicable while center government had no authority to declare financial emergency in the state.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Central laws apply directly in the state and financial emergency can be declared in the state without the consent of the state government.
6. Job Opportunities
- Before Abolishment Of 370: No outsider could bag a government job. Even companies of the state were forced to hire only local people.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Revoking Article 370 will allow investors to set up industry, hotel, private education institutes or private hospitals. Also, the other state investor’s ward will also be provided with government jobs in the state.
- Before Abolishment Of 370: Legislative Assembly Elections were held once in 6 years.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Legislative assembly elections will be held once in 5 years.
8. Geographic Region
- Before Abolishment Of 370: Jammu & Kashmir was one of the 29 states of the country and Ladakh was part of the state.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Jammu & Kashmir will be a Union Territory with a legislature while Ladakh will be a Union Territory without a legislature.
9. Fundamental Rights
- Before Abolishment Of 370: The citizens of Jammu & Kashmir were not able to enjoy all the available rights in the disposal.
- After Abolishment Of 370: The citizens can enjoy all the fundamental rights in the constitution like Right To Equality, Right To Exploitation and Right To Freedom.
- Before Abolishment Of 370: The police was controlled by the Government of Jammu & Kashmir.
- After Abolishment Of 370: Similar to Delhi, center will control the police in the state.
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